Scrap Metal – Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals

You will find two different kinds that are referred to; Non-Ferrous Metals, and Ferrous when you discuss scrap metal. You’ll understand the basic differences between these metals, the way to ascertain the differences for yourself and some resources in which to see them.

Ferrous Metals

We’ll first discuss ferrous metal. Ferrous metal is mostly used for things like machines, cars, motors, farm implements, and other applications like appliances stoves refrigerators, washers, dryers, and freezers. Lawnmowers are made from a mix of both ferrous and non-ferrous metals. Most of your smaller push type mowers, generally speaking, the motors are usually made from aluminum (a non-ferrous metal)nonetheless, the deck and also manage assembly are manufactured from ferrous metals.

How to Decide Whether the Metal You Are Looking at is Ferrous or Not

Two of the best ways to differentiate whether a sheet of metal you are looking at is made of ferrous metals or are those: Does a magnet stick with it? And, if it is an old piece of alloy, is there some rust on it?

Does a magnet stick on it?

The biggest ingredient in ferrous metal is iron, or iron ore, which is a very magnetic material. Consequently, in the event that you always carry a magnet round with you, you’ll know immediately if the bit of metal is ferrous or not. Of course, there are exceptions to every rule, and stainless steel (another non-ferrous metal) is just one of these exceptions. Even though the principal element for making steel itself is iron, high-quality stainless steel has a high amount of nickel inside (another non-ferrous metal) and, therefore, a magnet will not stick to it. Joseph & Company

Is there any rust on it?

The second and more common approach to determine whether the alloy you’ve just found is ferrous or not is if you can clearly see any rust anywhere on the merchandise. Rust will be more prevalent in any areas that touched the ground. If a classic piece of metal was left out from the components, it’s usually covered in rust. Non-ferrous metals do not rust. They do, however, oxidize. We’ll discuss that later in this article.

Scrap Metal Buyers Should Always Carry a Magnet

Non-ferrous alloys (and they are quite a few to discuss here) typically do not include some, or only small traces, of iron, and so aren’t magnetic. If you’re into scrap metal recycling or are thinking of starting a scrap metal business, among the best friends should be a magnet. I suggest using one that is on a chain, and one that has a rather strong magnetic charge because that is what you will see of the folks. A weak magnet can occasionally fool you because you are powerful, and the magnet is weak, you can get it immediately and pull it out quickly, and believe you own a piece of non-ferrous metal if, in fact, the metal you just found is actually ferrous metal. That is also the reason I urge your magnet should dangle from a chain, just waving the magnet before a ferrous piece of metal can cause the magnet to”influence” or be”affected” by the ferrous metal in some way.

Non-Ferrous Metals

Rather than its ferrous counterparts, non-ferrous metals, as mentioned previously, don’t rust. However, some non-ferrous alloys do. Oxidation is the process where is a coating. Aluminum is 1 metal in particular that tends to oxidize rather than rust. It is the exact same procedure with the lack of iron contained in the metal, the oxidation looks flaky and white as opposed to reddish and porous appearing.

Here is a list of non-ferrous metal that is the most commonly found:

  • Copper
  • Aluminum
  • Stainless Steel
  • Brass
  • Lead
  • Platinum

Where do You Find Copper?

As a rule, you’ll typically find copper in plumbing and pipes type software, such as air conditioners, refrigerators, freezers. In such as the window type air conditioning units there’s a fair amount of aluminum tubing there too.

In approximately 2009, when the economy was actually in a terrible way, there was a rash of thefts, particularly large commercial air conditioning units. I was told the office of one doctor had their air conditioning units stolen double. Just as the new units were installed and replaced after being stolen the very first time, they’ve stolen again! It turned into such a big problem that garbage yards where required by legislation to quit accepting aluminum/copper radiators (ACR’s) all collectively without written proof of where they came from, and how you came by them if you’re attempting to bring them in as scrap metal.

Where to Locate Aluminum…

When it comes to aluminum, some of those very first things people consider is aluminum cans, siding out of homes, and window and door trim. Back in the 1960s and 70’s aluminum, it was popular before the window produces starting using vinyl, to use for replacements. There are people who have aluminum doors and windows being replaced, today, so be on the watch for opportunities to take advantage of when it comes to getting that type of scrap aluminum.

There are a number of different applications where aluminum is used, but one of the best resources I will advise an individual to find it’s engines. There are numerous components under the hood. Ac condensers and most radiators are made from aluminum. The casings for the alternator are made from aluminum, and intake manifolds are made from anchoring hardware connected to the engine, as well as aluminum. Scrap Metal Recycling Services | Ferrous And Non-Ferrous Metal Disposal in Kitchener – Joseph & Company Inc.

Another abundant resource for finding aluminum is lawnmower engines. Not all of the components on an engine are made from aluminum, so, therefore, that type of a mixture of both ferrous aluminum and metals in scrap metal terms is called”irony aluminum.”

Most recently, there are a few car manufacturers that are also utilizing aluminum to make cars parts like hoods, doors, and truck tailgates from. It might be a good practice to set a magnet to all those various parts and see if sticks or not since there’s not any sense in getting paid ferrous scrap metal prices for non-ferrous scrap metals If you put in a vehicle for scrap metal recycling.